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Serafín J. González Prieto
SGHN
España
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2157-3505
No 15 (2019), Artigos orixinais, páxinas 43-55
DOI https://doi.org/10.15304/rr.id6624
Recibido: 17-02-2020 Aceptado: 17-02-2020 Publicado: 17-02-2020
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Para fixar a posición e as peticións da Sociedade Galega de Historia Natural (SGHN) en relación coas plantacións de eucaliptos, realizouse unha revisión bibliográfica sobre a súa alelopatía e invasividade, así como sobre os seus efectos na auga, a biodiversidade, os incendios e os solos. A búsqueda fíxose nas publicacións científicas incluidas no “Journal Citation Reports” coas palabras chave “eucalyptus” e “eucalypte(s)”, sen límite temporal pero, agás excepcións, restrinxida ao ámbito da Península Ibérica. En base aos resultados obtidos, SGHN considera que Eucalyptus globulus, e polo criterio de precaución as restantes especies do xénero, deberían incluirse no catálogo español de especies invasoras. SGHN considera asimesmo que se deberían: a) prohibir novas plantacións de eucaliptos en toda Galicia; b) eliminar os eucaliptos en todos os terreos de propiedade pública; c) eliminar todas as plantacións de eucaliptos feitas sen axustarse á normativa legal vixente; d) incentivar a eliminación de todos os eucaliptos nos espazos naturais protexidos; e) planificar unha redución progresiva das plantacións de eucalipto para garantir a súa erradicación nun horizonte temporal realista.

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