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José Manuel Díez Modino
Universidad de León- Facultad de CC. Económicas y Empresariales
Spain
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8115-3137
Ana Pardo Fanjul
Universidad de León – Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales
Spain
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4238-798X
Vol 29 No 2 (2020): Special Issue: Socio-economic challenges of demographic change, Articles, pages 1-18
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15304/rge.29.2.6959
Submitted: 24-06-2020 Accepted: 20-09-2020 Published: 16-10-2020
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Abstract

Ageing and depopulation are the two main challenges of the demographic issue facing several regions of Spain and Europe. Although ageing can be seen as an achievement of societies, depopulation seems more like a failure. These two phenomena interact with each other, so that depopulation, being driven by low birth rates or the emigration of young people, contributes to a higher rate of elderly people and ageing, in turn, aggravates the problem of depopulation since an ageing population has lower birth rates and eventually increases mortality rates. However this relationship between ageing and depopulation need not be solely in that direction; it is possible, and increasingly seems necessary, for policies geared towards the care of the elderly to help alleviate the problem of depopulation; ageing must be made a key factor in combating the problem of depopulation. The aim of this paper is to show that it is necessary to turn ageing into a challenge to fight the problem of depopulation; especially by means of social policies aimed at the attention of the elderly.

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