Revista Galega de Economía <p style="text-align: justify;">The <em>Revista Galega de Economía</em> is published twice a year. It was founded in 1992 and it is promoted by the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration of the University of Santiago de Compostela. Its aim is to promote academic research by publishing original articles that meet the highest analytical standards and provide new ideas that contribute to and disseminate economic and business knowledge.&nbsp; The <em>Revista Galega de Economía</em>&nbsp;is an international peer-reviewed open access journal.&nbsp; The articles published are related to specialities in the fields of economics and business (marketing and market research, applied economics, financial economics and accounting, economics, sociology and agricultural policy, fundamentals of economic analysis , economic history and institutions, business organization and quantitative economics); it is also open to other fields as long as it contributes significantly to addressing problems of economics and business management. The target audience is made up of academics, researchers, professionals, business executives and public decision-makers.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The <em>Revista Galega de Economía</em><em>&nbsp;</em>is indexed in SCOPUS, Dialnet, InDICEs-CSIC, IDEAS-RePEc, REDALYC, REDIB, DOAJ, and ERIH PLUS, among others. It is also is included in different tools for the analysis of scientific journals such as MIAR, Latindex or CIRC.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The digital portal of<em> Revista Galega de Economía </em>is published in Galician, Spanish, and English. The articles published are in Galician, Portuguese, Spanish, and English.<em>&nbsp;</em></p> Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. Servizo de Publicacións e Intercambio Científico en-US Revista Galega de Economía 1132-2799 <p>From 2019 papers and articles published in this journal are subject to the following terms:&nbsp;</p> <p>1. The University of Santiago de Compostela retains the patrimonial rights (copyright) of articles published, and encourages and enables reuse of the same under the license specified in point 2.</p> <p>2. Articles are published in the online edition of the journal under a <a title="License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)" href="" target="_self">License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)</a>. All papers can be copied, used, disseminated, transmitted and publicly displayed, provided acknowledgment of authorship, the URL, and the journal are mentioned and that the materials are not used for commercial purposes.</p> <p>3. All authors agree with the license used by the journal with the conditions of self-archiving and open access policy.</p> <p>4. Authors are allowed to disseminate electronically (e.g. in institutional repositories or on their own websites) the published version of their manuscripts, as these favours circulation and early diffusion and thus possibly increases the citations and scope among the academic community (See <a title="The Effect of Open Access" href="" target="_self">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</p> <p>Before this year, when publishing in Revista Galega de Economía, the author cedes all the exploitation rights of his/her article to the University of Santiago de Compostela which, under the conditions and within the restrictions stated in the legislation on intellectual property, is the copyright holder. The fact of its holding the copyright grants the University of Santiago de Compostela&nbsp; the exclusive right, worldwide, to:</p> <ul> <li class="show"> <p>publish the article’s final version in the journal, and distribute it and/or communicate it publicly, both in the journal itself and in other related media, in print format, digital format or any other format that can be created in the future;</p> </li> <li class="show"> <p>translate or write abstracts of the article, and distribute them and/or communicate them publicly, and authorize a third party for the same right or transfer the same right to a third party;</p> </li> <li class="show"> <p>deposit copies or references of the article in file-stores on line, both in platforms belonging to the University of Santiago de Compostela and in platforms belonging to a third party which has received the corresponding authorization by the University of Santiago de Compostela.</p> </li> </ul> Euroregions in Perspective: Old Issues and New Challenges for Cooperation Óscar Rodil-Marzábal María del Carmen Sánchez-Carreira Paulo Jorge Reis Mourão Marta Gancarczyk Copyright (c) 2022-09-19 2022-09-19 31 2 1 6 10.15304/rge.31.2.8624 «Euroregions»: Cooperation, cohesion and resilience <p>The paper tackles the definition of Euro Regions in the context of cross-border cooperation that favours the three dimensions of cohesion: economic, social and territorial. With a descriptive approach, the objective of this work is to place the Euro Regions in the current climate, in which they face two important challenges: on the one hand, the need for similar levels of governance that favour decision-making on both sides of the border, and, on the other, the legal obstacles in relation to mobility and economic activity that Covid-19 restrictions have highlighted. European funds constitute an opportunity for resilience against all territories concerned, for which, even if the border is shared, brings about the difficulty of establishing a single roadmap given both geographical and socioeconomic diversity.</p> Cristina García Nicolás Copyright (c) 2022 Universidad de Santiago de Compostela 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 31 2 1 21 10.15304/rge.31.2.8342 The Phenomenon of Cross-Border Cooperation in the Iberian Peninsula: A Retrospective Look at the Luso-Spanish Euro Cities <p>Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) is at an all-time high. From this perspective, the need to identify decisive factors to attain territorial success in terms of a sustainable development of border areas and regions through CBC projects is vital, so that the quality of life of the resident populations can improve in turn. Contextually, the main goal of this work is to cast a retrospective look at Portuguese-Spanish Euro Cities, how they have grown and how relevant the common and sustainable development of the border regions is– in this case, the Spanish-Portuguese borderland. Thanks to the study, one can verify that Euro cities constitute a discussion tool and, in some cases, examples of success regarding the (re-)significance of borders. This study emphasizes the need to define a common project between the members of both sides of the border. The participation of the local population (citizen participation) is also regarded as a fundamental factor, among many others that must be considered in order to achieve the success of such projects. This piece of work presents a novelty for the literature in this field due to the fact that it brings to light how these second-generation CBC projects (Euro cities) have evolved and how they could be the way forward as well as the catalyst for sustainable territorial development in border regions.</p> Rui Alexandre Castanho José Cabezas Fernández Copyright (c) 2022 Universidad de Santiago de Compostela 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 31 2 1 20 10.15304/rge.31.2.8167 The Cross-Border Minho River Strategy 2030: Spatial Planning for the Minho River Lower Valley? <p>The Cross-Border Minho River Strategy 2030 was written between 2017 and 2019, a document detailing participative mechanisms for its elaboration. This applied to the area covered by the River Minho European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC), also known as the Galician-Portuguese ‘wet border’ (Minho River final stretch). Said document is discussed with the general theoretical and conceptual spatial planning principles, particularly taking place in cross-border regions. The article’s methodology draws from participatory action research. Results are structured according to three analytical and discursive periods, each one of which has fostered strategic action plans. Their economic dimension has gradually lost force, except in the case of that of the tourism sector. In parallel, aspects relating to governance have slowly acquired more relevance. Furthermore, a constant tension between two areas within the EGTC is also here examined.</p> Valerià Paül Carril Copyright (c) 2022 Universidad de Santiago de Compostela 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 31 2 1 27 10.15304/rge.31.2.8291 Value chain analysis in cross-border integration. The agri-food chain value in the shared Minho area <p>This paper analyses a cross-border value chain in the area of the River Minho. To do so, a gross value added estimation of the value chain per municipality on both sides of the border has been carried out. By doing this, homogeneous magnitudes could be used and the generation of value in each area could be compared. Subsequently, the level of productive integration for the three main activities (fishing, viticulture, and vegetable and market gardening) has been analysed using a representative survey. The results indicate the relevance of the production part of the chain on the Galician side. Analysis per subchain presents basic levels of integration for suppliers and customers and medium levels of integration for the end consumer. In the fields of cooperation and innovation, integration barely exists and leaves the door open for joint development in the cross-border area.</p> Carlos M. Fernández-Jardón Fernández Xavier Martinez Cobas Copyright (c) 2022 Universidad de Santiago de Compostela 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 31 2 1 21 10.15304/rge.31.2.8383 Analysis of Economic Convergence in the Galicia-Northern Portugal Euroregion in the period 1980-2019 <p>The close cooperative relations between the regions of Galicia and Northern Portugal since the early 1980's have led to the creation of a Euroregion to coordinate joint actions in pursuit of their mutual development. The question of whether such bonds between the cross-border regions can contribute to reducing inequality between them and to their convergence remains unclear. Therefore, the objective of this analysis is to contribute to this discussion by exploring the phenomenon of convergence in the Galicia-Northern Portugal Euroregion in the period 1980-2019. The results show a reduction in economic inequality throughout the entire period and an absolute convergence at the same economic level, proving that the cooperation between these regions has led to a cohesion process.</p> Ana María López-Villuendas Cristina del Campo Copyright (c) 2022 Universidad de Santiago de Compostela 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 31 2 1 19 10.15304/rge.31.2.8289 “Emptied Spain” and the limits of domestic and EU territorial mobilisation <p>The term <em>“España Vaciada”</em> has recently been coined to define the long-term trend of depopulation in Spain´s inland areas. It has gained traction as it spilled over from a local issue to the national agenda. At the same time, the European Union has made steps to give greater prevalence to the topic of demographic decline. This article maps out and provides a narrative of the failed attempts of territorial mobilisation around this issue since 2016. It examines a number of territorial actors as they try to are shape both Spain´s Demographic strategy against demographic decline as well as their rent-seeking efforts towards EU Cohesion Policy post 2020 by way of maps and a novel definition. They try to address the same territorial challenge, the growing depopulation of vast areas of inland Spain, but are unable to coalesce around common solutions due to their different priorities and approaches.</p> Serafin Pazos-Vidal Copyright (c) 2022 Universidad de Santiago de Compostela 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 31 2 1 28 10.15304/rge.31.2.8365 Contemplations on and practical guidelines for cooperation in the Dutch-German borderland <p>Despite decades of European financial stimulation for cross-border projects, the attention for cross-border cooperation (CBC) is still volatile. The focus on CBC has been fluctuating for decades, depending on political and economic trends among other aspects. Irrespective of that, it remains difficult to encourage citizens in the Dutch-German borderland to engage in cross-border working and living. Without commitment among citizens at grassroots level, CBC will primarily remain an enjoyable pastime for the euroregional elite. Based on scientific debates on border studies, this paper highlights CBC by reflecting on border-related policy. By way of illustration, this research will zoom in on the northern Meuse-Rhine Euroregion, one of the Dutch-German Euroregions. Based on some contemplations on Dutch-German cooperation in recent decades, this article concludes with some action-oriented principles for CBC which could contribute to strengthening its impact.</p> Vincent Pijnenburg Copyright (c) 2022 Universidad de Santiago de Compostela 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 31 2 1 18 10.15304/rge.31.2.8369 Tourism as an engine for sustainable development in the Euroregion. Insights from the Tatra Euroregion <p>The significance of tourism in the development of regions has become of interest to academics in recent decades and its contribution is evident. The rapid tourism development is creating pressure on the destination’s competitiveness, as well as on its sustainable development. The Tatra Euroregion has been connecting two nationalities for decades via joint activities that develop the region by strengthening tourism. However, little attention is given to developing the Euroregion by way of tourism. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to identify whether the development of tourism in this Euroregion will be sustainable in the future, which can be fulfilled by answering two research questions, RQ1: What is the current state of tourism development in the Tatra Euroregion? and RQ2: Is the further development of tourism in the Tatra Euroregion subject to the principle of sustainability? We will answer the questions by analysing statistical data and documents that describe the cooperation activities within the Euroregion. The paper contributes to the analysis of cross-border cooperation within the Euroregion, as well as to research in the field of regional development with sustainable tourism, which is determined by the life cycle of the destination.</p> Vanda Maráková Lenka Dzúriková Copyright (c) 2022 Universidad de Santiago de Compostela 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 31 2 1 27 10.15304/rge.31.2.8378