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Universidade Ritsumeikan do Pacífico Asiático, Xapón
Vol 24 No 1 (2015), Articles, pages 121-134
Submitted: 17-09-2015 Accepted: 17-09-2015 Published: 17-09-2015
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O obxectivo deste traballo é o de incorporar o modelo de crecemento endóxeno da poboación no modelo de crecemento dun sector de Solow. O estudo propón unha interdependencia dinámica entre a taxa de natalidade, a taxa de mortaldade, a poboación, a acumulación da riqueza, e a distribución do tempo entre traballo, lecer e coidado dos fillos. O aspecto da produción e acumulación de riqueza constrúese co modelo de crecemento de Solow. Baseamos o noso modelo de dinámica poboacional no modelo poboacional de Haavelmo e o modelo de elección de fecundidade de Barro-Becker. Resumimos estas forzas dinámicas nun marco compacto, mediante a función de utilidade proposta por Zhang. O modelo describe unha interdependencia dinámica entre cambios da poboación, acumulación de riqueza, división de traballo e a distribución do tempo por xénero entre o traballo, o lecer e o coidado dos fillos. Simulamos o modelo para probar a existencia de puntos de equilibrio e movemento do sistema dinámico. Tamén examinamos os efectos dos cambios nos efectos de cambio na tendencia a ter descendencia, a tendencia ao aforro, a tendencia das mulleres a perseguir actividades de lecer, o capital humano das mulleres e a implicación emocional dos homes no coidado dos fillos.
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